Glossary and Index page

Glossary and Index page

Simple and easy to understand glossary and index page in a single place.

We understand that dealing with safety products can be complicated, it sometimes feels like you need to be an expert in everything. That’s why we have created an glossary and index page for our customers and visitors to make the most informed choices.

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Glossary and index of Glove Safety Standards and Explanation

EN420General Requirements for Protective Gloves: All En Standard Safety Gloves Should Display the following:
1. The Manufacturers Name
2. The Gloves Size
3. The CE Mark
General use protection – low risk. Symbols Gloves EN420
EN374Protection from chemicals and micro-organisms. Ensuring that gloves are suitable for use with chemicals and micro-organisms.

1. EN ISO 374-1:2016 – Requirements for chemical risk testing
2.EN 374-2:2014 – Resistance to penetration Air / Water test for leaks
3.EN 374-4:2013 – Resistance to degradation by chemicals. Before / After testing
4.EN ISO 374-5:2016 – Requirements for micro-organisms and viruses risk
5.EN 16523-1:2015 – Determination of material resistance to
permeation by chemicals. Permeation by liquid chemical under conditions of continuous contact. Updated from EN374-3

Healthcare, Manufacturing, Catering, Industrial activity
EN388Protection from mechanical risks. Governs the gloves performance against physical risks including cutting, abrasion, tearing and puncture.

Abrasion Test is designed to give an indication of the durability of the gloves using sandpaper at 180 grit material – Resistance is tested by the following levels:
Level 1 – 100 Cycles
Level 2 – 500 Cycles
Level 3 – 2,000 Cycles
Level 4 – 8.000 Cycles

Cut test (Coup test) The method for testing the cut resistance of gloves has been typically carried out using a circular blade which moves back and forth across the surface of the gloves.

Level 1 – 1.2 Cycles
Level 2 – 2.5 Cycles
Level 3 – 5 Cycles
Level 4 – 10 Cycles

Level 5 – 20 Cycles

Straight blade test – The Straight Blade test can be used in lieu of the Coup Test.

TDM Test Method: EN ISO 13997

Straight blade cut resistance (N)

Level A – 2
Level B – 5
Level C – 10
Level D – 15
Level E – 22
Level F – 30
Manufacturing, transport, warehousing, Industrial activitySymbols Gloves EN388
Impact protection
A new test to measure impact protection was added to the EN388 standard.

The method for testing is:
• Impact applied to the palm, back or knuckle area of the hand
• Uses the existing motorbike impact test EN13594:2015
• 2.5kg weight is dropped to exert a 5 joules energy impact
• Pass is achieved if the gloves reach level 1
• P is the added to the glove’s certification markings
Revision to cut test (Coup Test)
This test is commonly referred to as the Coup Test.

The revisions to the Coup Test are:

• Circular blade test stops at 60 cycles
• New blade used for every cut
• If cutting factor is greater than 3 (i.e. difference in performance
of the reference material against the test material) the straight
blade test becomes the reference test.
• The Coup Test does not have to be referenced if referencing the
Straight Blade Test. In this case it will be marked with an X.
Straight Blade Test (ISO 13997)
The Straight Blade test can be used in lieu of the Coup Test. It should also be used if the Coup Test reaches 60 cycles or if the cutting factor is greater than 3.

• The test is conducted on a TDM 100 machine
• Tests are conducted using a new blade every time, blunting is not a factor
• Increasing levels of force are applied, 2 newtons up to 30 newtons
• Letter score is applied A – F, F being the highest
• The letter reference is applied in lieu of or along with the cut number reference
EN407Protection from thermal Hazards (heat): Testing gloves performances against the highest levels of heat.

A 6 digit number accompanies the symbol, respresenting the test level (1-4 The higher the performance level, the greater the protection of the glove) against each type of heat.

A Resistance to Flammability
B Resistance to Contact Heat
C Resistance to convective heat
D Resistance to Radiant heat
E Resistance to small splashes of molten metal
F Resistance to large splashes of molten metal
Manufacturing, Industrial activityProtection from thermal Hazards (heat) En407
EN659For structual Fire Fighting: Certifying gloves as suitable for firefighters;
Gloves must have passed EN407 and EN388.
Fire Warden, Fire Fighting Services, Industrial activitySymbols Gloves EN659 For structual Fire Fighting
EN511Protection from Cold Hazards: Testing gloves for resistance to sub-zero tempertures down to -50 degrees celsius.

A. convective cold
B. Contact cold
C. Water penetration
Adverse weather conditions, manufacturing, Industrial activityProtection from Cold Hazards
EN511 Convective ColdA glove is placed on a hand model which is heated between 30-35 degrees Celsius in a test chamber. The amount of energy required to maintain this heat determines the performance level of the glove.

There are 4 performance levels overall measured by Thermal insulation (ITR) in m2 K/W calcution:

Level 1 – 0,10 ≤ ITR < 0,15
Level 2 – 0,15 ≤ ITR < 0,22
Level 3 – 0,22 ITR 0.33
Level 4 – 0,33 ITR
Contact Cold
A sample material of a glove is placed into a test chamber between 2 metal plates, one heated and one cold. A Thermal Resistance (R) formula measures the temperature drop across the test sample which is then compared to that of a control sample (non thermal material) in order to calculate its thermal resistance.

There are 4 levels ranging from 1-4 using the calculation Thermal Resistance R in m2 K/W.

Level 1 – 0,025 ≤ R< 0,050
Level 2 – 0,050 ≤ R< 0,100
Level 3 – 0,100 ≤ R< 0,150
Level 4 – 0,150 ≤ R
Water Penetration
The Water Penetration test or water Impermeability test is a straight
forward test based on a pass/fail basis.

The glove sample is submerged into water, if after 30 minutes no water has managed to penetrate the glove then it is deemed to have passed the test, otherwise it is classed as a fail.

The results are indicated by either 0 or 1.

Fail – Water penetration before 30 minutes.
Pass – No water Penetration before 30 minutes.
EN455Single use medical gloves: Testing disposable gloves for their suitability for use in medical situations. Healthcare, social careSymbols Gloves En455
CAT IFor minimal Risk only
For gloves of a simple design for low levels risks e.g general cleaning
Note* Manufacturers are permitted to test these gloves themselves without an independent body.
CAT IIFor intermediate Risk
Gloves of an intermediate design for intermediate risk e.g cuts / abrasion resistance.
Note* These gloves must be tested by a notified body, without approval the gloves may not be sold.
CAT IIIFor irreversible or mortal risk
Gloves of a complex design for the highest level of risk e.g. chemicals.
1. These gloves must be tested by a notified body
2. Manufacturer consistency in quality and form must also be independently checked
3. Category 3 gloves are indentified by a number following their CE mark.
v.1Glossary and Index pageLast updated 03/06/2021

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